Brazil is the fifth largest country in the world. The disparity between the rich and the poor in Brazilian society is one of the largest. The richest 1% of Brazil's population control 50% of its income. The poorest 50% of society have to live on just 10% of the country's wealth. An estimated 8-10 million children make their living on the streets in Brazil. Street children are an urban problem which has its roots in rural poverty, neglect and the enforced, even violent, displacement of large numbers of people from their land. The options that face the street children (meninos de rua) are few. These consist of: finding food in rubbish bins or on refuse tips; being financially exploited by street sellers or as shoe shiners; becoming involved in stealing, prostitution,; drug running and drug taking. Street Children often receive beatings from the police or members of the public and also face imprisonment, malnutrition, disease and AIDS. Generally a teenager in Rio is twice as likely to be murdered as in one in Bogotá, Colombia, considered Latin America’s most violent city. According to most conservative estimates, four children are killed every day in Brazil.